Les chercheurs examinent les facteurs de risque et mesures préventives liées à la schizophrénie des premiers signes jusqu’au diagnostic complet.   La schizophrénie est unemaladie mentale grave. Les symptômes se caractérisent par les hallucinations, les délires et le discours ou comportement désorganisée, la schizophrénie peut gravement nuire la capacité d’un individu de fonctionner dans la
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Recent phase 3 clinical trials compared the efficacy and safety of a novel two-drug regimen, with the standard three-drug antiretroviral therapy for HIV. Antiretroviral therapy (ART), comprised of two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) and a third drug, is the first- and second-line treatment for patients with an HIV infection. The use of NRTIs is
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A recent article published in JAMA Surgery examines the values and opinions of patients about their preferred methods of treating acute appendicitis. The appendix is a small organ connected to the large intestine that is widely believed to have no major function in our bodies. For reasons that are not clear, the lining of the appendix
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Um estudo recente na Grã-Bretanha investigou se homens vegetarianos mostravam mais sintomas de depressão. Os benefícios da alimentação vegetariana para a saúde humana são indiscutíveis, no entanto não é claro qual o impacto que este tipo de alimentação tem na saúde mental. Muitos estudos analisaram esta questão e vários indicaram que a depressão é mais
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A recent study tested the effects of a positive psychological intervention delivered remotely on psychological functioning and pain in fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by generalized musculoskeletal pain that is often comorbid with other conditions, including chronic fatigue syndrome, anxiety, depression, migraines, and obesity. Fibromyalgia interferes with daily functioning, negatively impacting individuals’ quality of
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Common childhood infections, including those that result in numerous absences from school, do not appear to negatively impact children’s brains or their ability to do well in school, according to a new Danish study at Aarhus University. In recent years, research has focused on how children develop and perform intellectually following serious illnesses and hospitalizations.
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Is it safe to take Claritin or other allergy medications during pregnancy? Answers from Yvonne Butler Tobah, M.D. Allergy medications are sometimes recommended during pregnancy. However, before you take an allergy medication, consider ways to reduce your symptoms, including: Avoiding triggers. Limit your exposure to anything that triggers your allergy symptoms. Saline nasal spray. Over-the-counter
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Laryngospasm (luh-RING-go-spaz-um) is a brief spasm of the vocal cords that temporarily makes it difficult to speak or breathe. The onset of vocal cord spasms is usually sudden, and the breathing difficulty can be alarming. However, the problem is not life-threatening, and it’s generally brief and self-correcting. Your vocal cords are located in an upper
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在一项新近的研究中,来自英国的研究人员调研了素食和成年男性抑郁症状间的关联性。 素食对人体健康的诸多益处已众所周知,然而,素食对精神健康发挥何种影响仍不明晰。已有诸多研究尝试回答这一问题,其中多数研究显示,抑郁症更常见于素食者。素食者所规避的多种类别食物如红肉、鱼及蛋可能含有保障大脑健康所必需的营养素,这些营养素在抵御抑郁症发生中发挥功效。机体缺乏这些重要的营养素可能是素食者患抑郁症风险增高的原因。 抑郁症不仅影响患者本人,还波及他人,父母任何一方患抑郁症均会对子女的正常发育带来负面影响。由于研究人员的关注点多聚焦在母方所患抑郁症的诸多方面,对父方抑郁症的状况知之不多。发表在Journal of Affective Disorders期刊上的一项来自英国的研究在9688名其伴侣处于怀孕早期的英国男性群体中,对素食是否与抑郁症发病风险增高相关联展开了调研。 所获实验数据来自于针对父母及其子女的Avon纵向研究即一项持续的基于人群的队列研究。准爸爸们需完成一系列调查问卷,这些问卷提供了有关饮食(素食/严格素食或杂食)及各种人口学和社会心理学特征方面的详细资料。应用爱丁堡出生后抑郁评级法来确定受试男性的抑郁状况,其中,10分以上表示大概率患轻度到中度抑郁,而超过12分则表示重度抑郁。 在队列研究受试者群体中,素食者占比达3.6%(311位素食者和39位严格素食者)。研究结果显示,男性中,素食者比非素食者更可能患抑郁症,即使将多种人口及社会心理特征因素计算在内,结论也维持不变。值得注意的是,更多的男性素食者其爱丁堡出生后抑郁评级指数大于10,这一结果表明,相比非素食者,素食男性更可能患轻度至中度抑郁症。论文作者同时注意到一种趋势,即男性食用素食的时间越长,抑郁指数越高,尽管统计学上并不显著。 尽管作者能证实素食和成年男性抑郁症之间存在关联,但诸多问题仍有待解答。首先,不同个体对素食的定义有所差异,这一差异表现在他们对饮食的选择上,一些素食者可能选择吃鱼,而另一些素食者可能偏爱蛋类。因此,不同素食个体从膳食中摄入的健脑营养素差异极大,这一情况导致难以判断特定营养素是否影响到本研究结果的获得。不巧的是,这项研究未能获取受试者个体有关营养素方面的完整信息资料。其次,还存在一种可能性,即素食与抑郁症关联本身和膳食无关。众所周知,有抑郁倾向的个体其饮食偏好和食欲可能会发生变化,因此,随着机体出现更多抑郁相关症状,这些个体可能选择素食饮食。 这项大样本研究首次证实了素食和男性抑郁症之间存在关联。论文作者强调,研究结果尚未解答素食是提高抑或降低抑郁症发生,素食如何影响精神卫生及健康这样一类问题。因此,他们建议,未来应采用一种随机的安慰剂对照试验开展研究以确定是否特定营养素或食物影响抑郁症的发生。   作者: Natasha Tetlow, PhD 译者:Mingfa Li, PhD, MD 参考文献: Hibbeln JR, Northstone K, Evans J and Golding J. Vegetarian diets and depressive symptoms among men. J Affect Disord. 2018; 225:13-17.   The post 素食导致男性患抑郁症吗? appeared first on Medical News Bulletin | Health News and Medical
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Recent research from Ireland has investigated whether age-related hearing loss is associated with cognitive decline, cognitive impairment, and dementia. Adults older than 65 years of age often experience a disabling hearing loss. There are cohort studies that have shown that age-related hearing loss (ARHL) precedes the onset of clinical dementia by 5 to 10 years,
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Researchers in Scotland investigate the prevalence and safety of using both herbal remedies and prescription medications during pregnancy. Many women are prescribed medications during pregnancy, often to treat pregnancy-related conditions such as nausea or to improve fetal development. The effects of these medications are fairly well studied, as are their potential risks. However, many women
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In a recent review, researchers in Germany examined the associations between various dietary factors and biomarkers of childhood and adolescent obesity. Childhood and adolescent obesity is on the rise worldwide, although it is not clear why. Diet has consistently been shown to be an important factor in obesity, but most studies have not been able
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In un recente studio in Gran Bretagna, i ricercatori hanno indagato il rapporto tra vegetarianismo e i sintomi della depressione negli uomini.   Esistono dei vantaggi ben noti sul vegetarianismo, ma non è chiaro quale impatto abbiano sulla salute mentale. Vari studi hanno tentato di rispondere a questa domanda, e molti indicano che la depressione
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Focus on quality “For sustained improvement it’s better to accumulate quality time on the rower,” says Nichol. “Angle the rower towards a mirror to check your form and take short, frequent breaks if you notice you’re hunching or leaning excessively.” Why it works “Unlike running and cycling, rowing is an unfamiliar movement. This often means
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(1603) Italian physician, philosopher, and botanist Andrea Cesalpino passes away. Along with classifying plants, he is known for theorizing the circulation of blood in the body. (1883) German-Swiss psychiatrist and philosopher Karl Jaspers is born. He studied a number patients with mental health issues including delusions and hallucinations. (1924) South African
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Patients with particular abnormal proteins in their blood — a condition known as monoclonal gammopathies of undetermined significance (MGUS) — have a small, but persistent lifetime risk of multiple myeloma or other hematologic cancers. For more than 40 years, researchers have aimed to define that risk and to identify the patients most likely to progress
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A new study finds that young children tend to prefer sweets over other types of snacks when they are feeling more emotional. For example, the findings show that children aged four a half to nine years chose chocolate candy over goldfish crackers more frequently in response to both sadness and happiness — particularly sadness. For
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Neuroscientists at the University of Toronto Scarborough have developed an imaging technique that can reconstruct images of what people perceive based on their brain activity gathered by EEG. Specifically, the new method is able to digitally reconstruct images seen by test subjects based on electroencephalography (EEG) data. “When we see something, our brain creates a
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