Month: May 2006

Abstract Glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1 promotes β-cell proliferation and survival through stimulation of its specific G-protein–coupled receptor; however, the potential for GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists to promote growth and proliferation of human pancreatic-derived cells remains poorly understood. We identified five human pancreatic cancer cell lines that express the GLP-1R and analyzed cell growth and survival in
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Abstract Basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) stimulates angiogenesis and induces neural cell regeneration. We investigated the effects of bFGF on diabetic neuropathy in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Diabetic rats were treated with human recombinant bFGF as follows: 1) intravenous administration, 2) intramuscular injection into thigh and soleus muscles with cross-linked gelatin hydrogel (CGH), and 3) intramuscular
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Abstract Zonulin, a protein that modulates intestinal permeability, is upregulated in several autoimmune diseases and is involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diabetes in the BB/Wor animal model of the disease. To verify the association between serum zonulin levels and in vivo intestinal permeability in patients with type 1 diabetes, both parameters were investigated in
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Evidence for Activation of Protein Tyrosine Phosphatase-1B, Extracellular Signal–Related Kinase, and Sterol Regulatory Element–Binding Protein-1c in the Fructose-Fed Hamster Intestine Abstract Postprandial dyslipidemia is recognized as an important complication of insulin-resistant states, and recent evidence implicates intestinal lipoprotein overproduction as a causative factor. The mechanisms linking intestinal lipoprotein overproduction and aberrant insulin signaling in intestinal
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