Month: March 2017

Several neuro-developmental conditions in autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are influenced by several lifestyle patterns. A systemic review identified that changes in lifestyle patterns, such as increased level of physical activity and reduced sedentary behavior, had a significant impact on children associated with ASD. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) refers to one of the prolonged neurological disorders
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Data collection Three study regions from Finland were selected for the study: the city–center of Helsinki (Urban), which is urbanized capital next to the Baltic Sea, the city–center of Joensuu (Semi-urban), which is a less urbanized city in eastern Finland with easy access to surrounding natural areas, and rural areas around North–Karelia (Rural) in eastern
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March 30, 2017, by NCI Staff Blinatumomab simultaneously binds to specific molecules on ALL cells and T cells, bringing the T cells close enough to ALL cells to recognize and kill them. Credit: Wikimedia, CC-BY-SA-3.0 Patients with advanced acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) who received an immunotherapy drug called blinatumomab (Blincyto®) lived longer than patients who
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Whole-genome sequencing of individuals with autism spectrum disorder and their families reveal 18 new candidate genes that have the potential to be future diagnostic and therapeutic targets. Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder which affects approximately one percent of the global population. ASD encompasses disorders such as autism, Asperger’s syndrome, and other developmental
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March 23, 2017, by NCI Staff The incidence of colorectal cancer has been increasing in the United States among individuals younger than age 50, according to a recent study led by researchers at the American Cancer Society. For the analysis, the researchers used statistical methods developed by study coauthors Philip S. Rosenberg, Ph.D., and William F.
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Nonadherence to ADHD medication in adolescents, especially during their transition to college, can have significant repercussions on academic performance and long-term goals. In a recent study, published in the Journal of Adolescent Health, 10 freshmen with ADHD were interviewed regarding their medication self-management experience as they transitioned to college life. Nonadherence to medical treatment is
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March 21, 2017, by NCI Staff A stem cell-derived heart muscle cell. Proteins that are important for muscle cell contraction are highlighted in red and green, and cell nuclei are blue. Credit: Joseph C. Wu, M.D., Ph.D., Stanford Cardiovascular Institute Using human heart cells generated from adult stem cells, researchers have developed an index that
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March 16, 2017, by NCI Staff Myeloma tumor cells (green) and bone cells (red) growing on a lab-made scaffold (purple). Credit: National Cancer Institute On February 22, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved a new use for the drug lenalidomide (Revlimid®) in treating patients with multiple myeloma. Under the new approval, patients with multiple
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March 14, 2017, by NCI Staff In January 2015, NCI’s Division of Cancer Control and Population Sciences established the Healthcare Delivery Research Program (HDRP) to address the growing demand for more and better information on cancer care and to promote research that reduces the burden of cancer on individuals and society by improving the provision
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March 6, 2017, by NCI Staff NCI’s cancer information products are constantly evolving, so periodically we provide updates on new and updated content of interest to the cancer community. NCI Drug Formulary In January, NCI launched a new resource to help investigators at NCI-Designated Cancer Centers get quicker access to approved and investigational agents for
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March 3, 2017, by NCI Staff A new study suggests that blood platelets engineered to deliver an immunotherapy drug may effectively eliminate cancer cells missed by surgery and prevent them from forming new tumors. In the study, the researchers chemically linked platelets—which normally help form blood clots and heal wounds—to an immune checkpoint inhibitor, a
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March 1, 2017, by NCI Staff Drawing of locally advanced bladder cancer, which has spread into the muscle and fat layers lining the bladder. Credit: Terese Winslow On February 2, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) granted accelerated approval to nivolumab (Opdivo®) for the treatment of some patients with urothelial carcinoma, the most common type
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