Month: April 2017

The Canadian government, under Prime Minister Justin Trudeau, plans on passing new legislation that will legalize recreational marijuana use across Canada for anyone over the age of 18. Despite wide public support, some policy makers and politicians have concerns regarding the logistics and wholesome regulation of recreational marijuana. Legalizing recreational marijuana has been a heavily
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Results of a retrospective study published in the Journal of American Medical Association show that children of mothers who were overweight or obese during pregnancy have a higher risk of developing epilepsy. Epilepsy is a syndrome characterized by recurrent and unprovoked seizures. Although it is one of the common neurological disorders encountered by clinicians, the
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Researchers in India report that yoga postures, breathing disciplines and meditation may be the key to prolonging that proverbial fountain of youth. Biomarkers found in human blood samples drawn during a clinical trial showed the anti-aging benefits of practicing these ancient holistic practices. In the Yoga and Meditation Based Lifestyle Intervention (YMLI) clinical trial, scientists
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April 27, 2017, by NCI Staff Patients who choose not to pursue immediate biopsy or treatment for small, asymptomatic thyroid cancers, or suspected cancers, may face unsupportive responses from doctors, friends, family, and others, a new study shows. Such responses may contribute to patients’ anxiety about cancer progression, feelings of isolation, and—for some—even a decision
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A population-based study in New Zealand examined the effects of childhood lead exposure at age 11 and again at age 38. The degree of lead exposure was determined to be inversely correlated with IQ levels and socioeconomic advancement. In the wake of Flint Michigan, lead poisoning has made its way into the media spotlight. Despite
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April 24, 2017, by NCI Staff PARP enzymes help repair damaged DNA. PARP inhibitors block this repair mechanism, causing some cancer cells to die. Credit: NIGMS / Tom Ellenberger, Washington University School of Medicine Two separate studies have revealed new insights into the function of genetic mutations commonly found in a form of brain cancer
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April 21, 2017, by Douglas R. Lowy, M.D. Credit: National Cancer Institute When one death in four in the United States is due to cancer, progress against this terrible disease is important news. Reading through the recently released Annual Report to the Nation on the Status of Cancer, 1975–2014, I couldn’t help but feel encouraged.
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Antibiotics are commonly used in beekeeping to prevent bacterial infections, but these drugs also come with side-effects that are not fully understood in many species. This group aims to study the effects of antibiotic treatment on the composition of gut bacteria in honeybees and effects on the bees’ overall health. Antibiotics are commonly used to
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Researchers from Stanford University analyzed health insurance claims from 2001 to 2013 to investigate a relationship between concurrent benzodiazepine and opioid use and opioid overdose. A significant increase in the incidence of current use and the risk of overdose was found in patients taking both types of medications. Opioid abuse continues to be a growing
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April 17, 2017, by NCI Staff Anatomical illustration of lymphoma. Credit: Terese Winslow On March 14, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved pembrolizumab (Keytruda®) for the treatment of some patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). The drug is approved for the treatment of both adult and pediatric patients with refractory cHL, or patients whose
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April 13, 2017, by NCI Staff Brain scan of a child with a DIPG tumor, located in the brain stem. Credit: Rishi Lulla, M.D., Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine and Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago Two separate studies have identified potential therapeutic targets in an inoperable pediatric brain tumor, diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG).
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A clinical study of adult patients with an asthma diagnosis suggests that follow-up reassessment may be warranted. A recent study published in the Journal of the American Medical Association investigated whether asthma can be ruled out and medications can safely be stopped in some adult patients.According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI),
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Nearly 100 female infants and babies living in harsh conditions for more than six months in Romanian orphanages, before British parents adopted them, demonstrated more childhood disorders during their early years and young adulthood when compared with their counterparts. European doctors of medicine and the sciences wanted to learn what effects early-life experiences would have
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April 7, 2017, by Paula Jacobs, Ph.D., and Antonio Sastre, Ph.D. The total-body PET scanner is being designed to rapidly provide detailed information about tissues throughout the entire body while using a much smaller amount of radioactivity than a standard PET scan. Credit: Simon R. Cherry, University of California, Davis For many people, the story
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A meta-analysis of pooled individual data from cohorts of cases and controls found that participants with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) from 23 sites in North and South America, Europe and China had smaller amygdala, accumbens, and hippocampus volumes compared to healthy controls. Previously, meta-analyses of clinical data revealed reduced volumes of basal ganglia, caudate,
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April 3, 2017, by NCI Staff Merkel cell carcinoma is a rare form of skin cancer. The immunotherapy drug avelumab is the first FDA-approved treatment for the disease. Credit: Terese Winslow The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the immunotherapy drug avelumab (Bavencio®) for the treatment of some patients with a rare and aggressive skin
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Abstract The current view of diabetic kidney disease, based on meticulously acquired ultrastructural morphometry and the utility of measuring plasma creatinine and urinary albumin, has been almost entirely focused on the glomerulus. While clearly of great importance, changes in the glomerulus are not the major determinant of renal prognosis in diabetes and may not be
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