Month: May 2017

May 31, 2017, by NCI Staff Credit: National Cancer Insitute Researchers at Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center (MSK) have reported the results of an initiative to characterize the genetic mutations in tumors from more than 10,000 patients with advanced cancer who were treated at the center. The research team used a DNA sequencing test called MSK-IMPACT to
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Neural hemorrhaging is a condition with a high mortality rate and invasive conventional treatments. Acupuncture offers a non-invasive alternative that may reduce the negative side effects of suffering a stroke. Neural hemorrhaging is a common and very dangerous form of stroke. Particularly dangerous are thalamic hemorrhages, which account for 15% of all spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhages
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Researchers from the UK investigated the effects of exclusive, long-term breastfeeding on obesity and blood pressure of offspring in adolescence and found that breastfeeding in infancy did not lower the risk of obesity or high blood pressure. Childhood obesity is a rising phenomenon worldwide. Obese children often become obese adults and may be affected by
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May 30, 2017, by NCI Staff NCI’s cancer information products are constantly growing, so periodically we provide updates on new and updated content of interest to the cancer community. Annual Report to the Nation The 2017 Annual Report to the Nation, published in the Journal of the National Cancer Institute, provides an update on cancer
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May 30, 2017, by NCI Staff A CT scan from a patient with bladder cancer, showing disease-related thickening of the bladder wall. Credit: Wikimedia Commons, CC-BY-SA-4.0 Editor’s Note: This post, originally published May 15, has been updated to include new approvals of pembrolizumab (Keytruda®) for patients with bladder cancer. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in recent
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An environmental research letter highlights the potential correlation between weather-related nitrous oxide levels and prenatal stress contributing to autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Increasing global awareness of climate change piques public curiosity about human-environment interactions. Environmental effects on health are of particular interest lately, as they relate to the etiology of various disorders. Exploring this correlation
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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is typically treated with medication; however, this approach has limitations. Behavioural therapy, through the use of neurofeedback (NF) training has been shown to be of value in the treatment of ADHD for children and, when administered in conjunction with medication, may help to reduce the symptoms of ADHD observed by
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Health&Fitness: You turned 20 last week – how does an athlete celebrate her birthday?  Morgan Lake: Probably quite different to how other people celebrate their birthday. I had a full day of training and then went out for a meal with my family and friends. Quite a chilled one – but still nice.  H&F: Looking
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WASHINGTON — Children’s National on May 24 installed Michael J. Bell, MD, chief of the Division of Critical Care Medicine as the first DC Lawyers Care for Children Professor of Critical Care Medicine. Endowed by the founders and sponsors of the DC Lawyers’ Golf Classic, the professorship supports Dr. Bell’s work as a nationally known expert
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May 26, 2017, by NCI Staff Stem cell transplants help restore blood-forming stem cells in people who have had theirs destroyed by certain cancer treatments. Credit: National Cancer Institute Results from a large phase III clinical trial suggest that a highly intensive preparatory, or conditioning, regimen should be used for younger patients with acute myeloid
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Current research shows that rapid detection of Adrenoleukodystrophy can significantly reduce the rate of potential neurological damage in the life span of a male child who is genetically prone to acquiring the disease. Adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is an X-linked genetic disorder that affects the adrenal gland and the nervous system in boys. In its most severe
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Scientists have revealed that a 3-month treatment with Royal Jelly can reduce triglyceride, LDL-cholesterol and subsequently the risk of cardiovascular diseases. Cholesterol is found in all cells and serves many functions throughout the body. Our bodies need cholesterol but too much can be harmful. Elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, known as the bad
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Fish oil supplements which contain omega-3 fatty acids are thought to be beneficial for people at risk of heart disease or diabetes (metabolic syndrome) by potentially improving adipose (fat) tissue function. However, after six months of a high dose of omega-3 fatty acids supplementation in patients who were overweight, obese and insulin-resistant, no beneficial effects
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WASHINGTON—It was smiles all around today as 80 children were welcomed to their new dental home at Children’s National Health System in Washington, D.C., as part of the fifth annual Healthy Smiles, Healthy Children Dental Home Day. The children, many from underserved communities in the District, received free checkups, cleanings, treatment and oral health education.
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May 24, 2017, by NCI Staff Regorafenib inhibits several different types of proteins known as kinases, which help control cellular activity, including VEGFR-1, VEGFR-2, and VEGFR-3. Credit: Adapted from Mikael Häggström. WikiJournal of Medicine, 2014. On April 27, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved regorafenib (Stivarga®) for some patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the
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The present study suggests that besides lutein, a combination of healthy dietary and lifestyle factors is also required for proper and improved lung function in adults. The inflammation or obstruction in the airways of adults may lead to impairment in lung/ pulmonary function leading to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD). COPD is characterized by obstruction
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A new study examines the relationship between online tobacco marketing and the propensity for tobacco use among teens. In our modern internet era, online advertising has become an essential component of marketing campaigns for products of all types. Tobacco products, of course, are no exception. In recent years, tobacco company expenditures on Internet advertising have
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A new article describes research performed on different methods of minimizing pain associated with injectable facial noninvasive cosmetic treatments. Botulinum toxin, commonly known as Botox (BTX), and soft-tissue filler (STF) have become the two most frequently performed nonsurgical cosmetic facial treatments in the United States, with roughly between 2.1 million and 4.3 million procedures, respectively,
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Alzheimer’s disease is mainly caused by amyloid and neurodegeneration. A recent study shows several factors that may protect against the two main causes. The two main factors most acknowledged to contribute to Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are amyloid, — when protein build up wreaks havoc in neurons, — and neurodegeneration. The most widely accepted model for
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Genetic tests for breast cancer prevention and treatment are now implemented in most modern medical facilities. A recent review highlights the role of genetic testing in this context and describes when, why and how it should be performed. Breast cancer ranks among the top most frequent cancers in the U.S. affecting one out of 800
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A phenomenon known as antibody-dependent enhancement, whereby previous infection by a different serotype of the same virus increases their infectivity, can seriously increase the vulnerability of individuals to some viral infections. In a recent study published in Science, a group demonstrated that this phenomenon may seriously impact individuals at risk of contracting the Zika virus
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A prospective cohort study, published in the British Medical Journal, reports that active commuting, particularly cycling, can significantly reduce the risk of all-cause mortality, cardiovascular disease, and cancers. Modern societies are plagued with sedentary lifestyles, unhealthy eating habits, and physical inactivity, which collectively contribute to higher risk of disease and decrease the quality of life.
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