Month: June 2017

Vaccine concept Influenza virus infection during pregnancy can increase the risk of hospitalization and illness when compared to non-pregnant women. Year-round vaccination during pregnancy may decrease the associated morbidities in mothers and their infants, and may have better overall efficacy than seasonal vaccinations. Each year many people worldwide are infected with the influenza virus, or
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Researchers out of France and Monaco recently finished one of the longest and largest studies on Alzheimer’s disease. The study focused on using multidomain lifestyle intervention with Omega 3 supplementation for Alzheimer’s patients. The results, unfortunately, were insignificant, but do provide swaths of new data and show potential for new treatment approaches that are less
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June 30, 2017, by NCI Staff A sentinel lymph node biopsy of the skin. Credit: National Cancer Institute A conservative approach to lymph node removal surgery may be best for people with melanoma that has spread from the skin to one or a small number of nearby lymph nodes, new results from a large international
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June 29, 2017, by Louis Staudt, M.D., Ph.D. Credit: National Cancer Institute Today, the NCI Genomic Data Commons (GDC) is introducing Data Analysis, Visualization, and Exploration Tools, an online, open-access cancer research resource we’re calling DAVE. In the year since it was launched, the GDC has collected and harmonized a vast quantity of cancer genomics
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A phase two randomized controlled trial determined the role of immune plasma in treating patients diagnosed with severe influenza and exhibiting respiratory compromise. A pandemic influenza outbreak is a serious international concern. Immediate containment of the disease is necessary, along with fast implementation of preventative measures. Plasma treatment has been identified as a solution for
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Muscle fatigue is a common outcome of intensive exercise regimes, and can ultimately lead to muscle damage. This occurs when the body produces increased levels of reactive oxygen species, leading to oxidative stress. A recent study demonstrated that green tea and sour tea supplements, which have proven antioxidant properties, can reduce oxidative stress in male
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WASHINGTON – Children’s National Health System received top honors in the 2017-18 U.S News & World Report Best Children’s Hospitals rankings, with its Neonatology program ranking #1 out of more than 1500 neonatal intensive care units coast to coast. Children’s National was also named to the coveted Honor Roll, a distinction given to the top
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June 27, 2017, by NCI Staff Image of a lung tumor with cancer cells in red. Credit: National Cancer Institute On May 26, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved ceritinib (Zykadia®) for patients with previously untreated metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) that has a mutation in the ALK gene. Ceritinib is a targeted
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A team from the UK used data from the Millennium Cohort Study (MCS) to apply an alternative approach to the study of child language development. Quantile Analysis revealed that the association between factors such as poverty, early reading and TV and the outcome of language development is not equal across the population. Language development in
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WASHINGTON – Children’s National Health System has been recognized by HIMSS Analytics for reaching Stage 6 status on the EMR Adoption ModelSM (EMRAM), an achievement reached by only 32 percent of the nation’s more than 5,400 hospitals. Serving children and families in the Washington area for nearly 150 years, Children’s National Health System, is a
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WASHINGTON – Children’s National Health System has been awarded a $3.7 million grant from the American Heart Association (AHA) to launch a Rheumatic Heart Disease Center, with the goal of developing innovative strategies and economic incentives to improve the prevention and diagnosis of rheumatic heart disease (RHD) in high-risk, financially disadvantaged countries and low-income communities
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Within the health community, the use of medical marijuana is controversial. Recently, a German-Israeli research team found evidence that small, controlled amounts of the active ingredient in marijuana, THC, improved cognitive function and memory in older mice. Dementia is a general term used to describe cognitive decline in older people caused by damage to the
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Depressive disorders can develop during or after pregnancy, and studies have shown that they increase risk of maternal suicide and complications such as low birthweight and infant malnutrition. A recent study published in the Lancet Psychiatry identified clinical differences in perinatal depressive symptoms based on symptom type, severity, and timing of onset. According to the
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Music therapy is a promising tool in the treatment of Alzheimer’s and other neurodegenerative diseases. A new course offered by Ithaca College and a student organization provide music therapy to local nursing home residents. With so much enthusiasm for the course and organization, Ithaca College may start offering a Music as Medicine major or minor.
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Researchers conducted a meta-analysis of existing studies to determine whether owning a pet is associated with various developmental outcomes. They found that overall, the relationship between pet companionship and a child’s development may be positively correlated; however, due to weaknesses in methodology, the results should be applied with caution. Childhood and adolescence are crucial periods
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June 19, 2017, by NCI Staff Results from two large clinical trials may change how some men with metastatic prostate cancer are treated. Both trials showed that adding the hormone-blocking drug abiraterone (Zytiga®) to standard androgen-deprivation therapy (ADT) allowed men with metastatic hormone-sensitive prostate cancer to live longer than if they were treated with ADT
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Subclinical hypothyroidism and hypothyroxinemia during pregnancy have been hypothesized to be associated with cognitive function in offspring. However, recently researchers found that treatment with levothyroxine is not associated with greater IQ in children of mothers who have thyroid disease during pregnancy. The thyroid is a gland located in the front of the neck right below
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The serotonin hypothesis of autism posits that fetal exposure to high levels of serotonin may increase the risk for developing Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). A new study investigated whether children born to mothers using prescription antidepressants that modulate serotonin levels were more likely to be diagnosed with ASD. Depression is one of the most frequent
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Individuals in the 50-64 age category with both diabetes and depression experienced a significant acceleration in memory loss compared to individuals with only one, or neither condition. Previous research found that having type 2 diabetes increases a person’s risk of developing depression. Conversely, having depression increases a person’s risk of developing diabetes. Both conditions are
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About Children’s National Health System Children’s National Health System, based in Washington, D.C., has been serving the nation’s children since 1870. Children’s National is #1 for babies and ranked in every specialty evaluated by U.S. News & World Report including placement in the top 10 for: Cancer (#7), Neurology and Neurosurgery (#9) Orthopaedics (#9) and Nephrology (#10). Children’s National
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June 14, 2017, by NCI Staff Mouse cell overexpressing the HER2 protein (green). Breast cancers that overexpress HER2 are particularly aggressive. Credit: National Cancer Institute Final results from two international randomized trials confirm that trastuzumab emtansine (Kadcyla®) improves survival for patients with metastatic breast cancer that overexpresses the HER2 protein. Trastuzumab emtansine, an antibody–drug conjugate
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WASHINGTON — Children’s National Health System celebrated the opening of its newly redesigned and expanded Dental Clinic with a special ribbon-cutting ceremony on June 8. The renovation of the clinic, which will ensure more families have access to comprehensive oral health care, was made possible by a $500,000 grant from the Children’s Health Board, which celebrated
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