Month: October 2017

Preterm births are the most common cause of infant death worldwide. A new study is the first to identify relevant genes and a simple, potentially low-cost solution. What are Preterm Births? A human pregnancy normally lasts about 40 weeks. Preterm births, also known as premature births, are when a baby is at born 37 weeks
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Researchers assess views on sports supplements among physically-active gym members in Israel to determine their safety and risk perception among users. The past three decades have shown an increase in the use of sports supplements worldwide. Despite the prevalent use of sports supplements in gyms, there remains a lack of consistent information surrounding the full
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The INTERVAL trial in the United Kingdom investigated the optimal frequency of blood donations and its effect on the donor’s health. Blood donations have saved countless lives by enabling blood transfusions for several clinical indications. However, there have been no studies investigating strategies to obtain the most blood with minimal adverse effects on donors. Consequently,
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Researchers in Italy explored whether or not the childbirth method determines the quality of breast milk. Maternal breast milk that is first secreted after giving birth is called colostrum. Colustrum is rich in various components including antibodies, mineral salts, and hormones. Colostrum provides babies with their first protective defences allowing them to adapt to the
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A new Chinese study determines whether vitamin A supplements for children with autism spectrum disorders can help alleviate autism symptoms. Autism spectrum disorders are characterized by difficulties in social communication, repetitive motions of arms, fingers, or head, unusually intense and prolonged emotional interactions, and developmental delays. A number of studies indicate altered gut microbiota in
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The disappearance of cancer without a satisfactory scientific explanation is rarely encountered by physicians. The process is typically called “spontaneous regression” or “spontaneous remission,” and a considerable body of literature confirms that cancer and benign tumors do indeed “disappear” and, in exceptional cases, patients are cured of the disease — in which case the phrase
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More and more scientific research is showing that regular physical activity during and after cancer treatment can help survivors. However, the side effects of cancer treatment can make it challenging to get to a gym or complete regular exercises. In this podcast, 2 fitness instructors from the LIVESTRONG at the YMCA program discuss these challenges,
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UCLA researchers have identified four biomarkers that could help doctors diagnose brain trauma and concussions through a simple blood test. The biomarkers are proteins, from brain cells called astrocytes, which are released instantly into the bloodstream when astrocytes’ outer membranes rupture from blunt impact or whiplash trauma. Background Mild traumatic brain injuries, also called concussions,
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Alzheimer’s disease, the leading cause of dementia, has long been assumed to originate in the brain. But research from the University of British Columbia and Chinese scientists indicates that it could be triggered by breakdowns elsewhere in the body. The findings, published today in Molecular Psychiatry, offer hope that future drug therapies might be able
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New research from the University of Basel suggests an individual’s propensity to take risks remains stable over time, akin to the general Intelligence Quotient (IQ). It is known that people differ considerably in their willingness to take risks and that an individual’s tendency to take risks can also vary across domains. However, a new European
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How to use opioids safely The best time to plan for safe use and disposal of opioids is before you start these medications. By Mayo Clinic Staff If you are taking opioids or talking with your doctor about this treatment option, now is the time to plan for safe use and disposal of these medications.
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Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique useful in many emergencies, including heart attack or near drowning, in which someone’s breathing or heartbeat has stopped. The American Heart Association recommends that everyone — untrained bystanders and medical personnel alike — begin CPR with chest compressions. It’s far better to do something than to do nothing
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1. Arner, P. Human fat cell lipolysis: biochemistry, regulation and clinical role. Best Pract Res Clin Endocrinol Metab 19, 471–482 (2005). 2. Guilherme, A., Virbasius, J. V., Puri, V. & Czech, M. P. Adipocyte dysfunctions linking obesity to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 9, 367–377 (2008). 3. Lee, B.
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How to use opioids safely The best time to plan for safe use and disposal of opioids is before you start these medications. By Mayo Clinic Staff If you are taking opioids or talking with your doctor about this treatment option, now is the time to plan for safe use and disposal of these medications.
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