Month: November 2017

Treating neurocysticercosis (NCC), an infection of the brain with tapeworm larvae, often leads to inflammation and seizures when the parasites in the brain die. Now, researchers have reported in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases, using an animal model, that pretreatment with the anti-tumor necrosis factor drug etanercept (ETN) is a viable strategy to manage this post-treatment
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The epithelium, a tissue made up of closely juxtaposed cells, forms the glands and covers the outer surface of the human body as well as its internal cavities, such as the lungs or intestines. There are different types of epithelia, depending on the surfaces they cover and the functions they carry out. These tissues are
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Using a molecule designed to overcome a roadblock formed by a common type of genetic flaw, researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have made progress towards novel molecular treatments for Friedreich’s ataxia — a rare but fatal disorder — in the laboratory dish and in animals. Friedreich’s, like at least 40 other genetic diseases, is
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Researchers examined previous studies on chronic kidney disease and contributing factors, exploring how they might affect bone loss and heart disease. In addition to reducing the body’s ability to remove waste, controlling fluid levels, and managing blood pressure, chronic kidney disease (CKD) also impacts a number of processes related to aging and cardiovascular disease. Exploring
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In a recent study, researchers in France determined the effects of a breakfast drink with whey protein on muscle mass in older adults. Sarcopenia is the age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and function. There are several ways to combat sarcopenia; among them are to increase protein intake as well as using available essential amino
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November 30, 2017, by NCI Staff Most cases of chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) are caused by a genetic change known as the Philadelphia chromosome. Credit: National Cancer Institute On November 9, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved dasatinib (Sprycel®) for the treatment of some children with chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML). The approval is for
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Shin splints can be a major problem for runners. Here’s what you need to know to prevent them. Any runner will tell you that shin splints are the ultimate roadblock. The sharp pains that occur in the lower legs can cause extreme discomfort, forcing you to stop a workout in its tracks (literally). But what’s
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In a recent study, researchers safely investigated whether vitamin D supplementation has an effect on pregnancy bone mineral density. The most common bone mineral density test is a central dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. Given the use of radiation, this poses a major safety concern for pregnant women and is why there is currently limited information known
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A recent article in the Israel Journal of Health Policy Research discusses concerns surrounding advertisements and disease awareness campaigns as they relate to patient empowerment. Medications have always been a central component of the healthcare process. It is therefore paramount that medications are prescribed and used accurately and precisely. Historically, health information, including information concerning
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November 30, 2017: (1858) Indian polymath, physicist, biologist, and biophysicist Jagadish Chandra Bose is born. His research focused heavily on plants, their stressors and their growth. (1872) Canadian poet, physician, and author John McCrae is born. Although he was a prominent physician and studied and taught pathology, he is best known for his poem, ‘In Flanders Fields’,
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A study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine provides real-world evidence that implementing a combination of proven HIV prevention measures across communities can substantially reduce new HIV infections in a population. Investigators found that HIV incidence dropped by 42 percent among nearly 18,000 people in Rakai District, Uganda, during a seven-year period
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In a recent study, researchers determine if the association between antidepressants and type 2 diabetes in adults is the same for youth. There has been a marked increase in antidepressant use among youth over the past 20 years. In fact, antidepressants are one of the most common psychotropic drugs prescribed to children. Several antidepressants are
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Garlic is of the genus Allium, which also includes onions, shallots, leeks, and chives.1 Garlic contains multiple bioactive compounds such as flavonoids, sulfur compounds, and selenium. Though mechanistic studies conducted primarily in vitro suggest that individual components, particularly the sulfur compounds, or extracts of garlic have anticancer properties, epidemiologic studies have demonstrated mixed results. Garlic
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Stephen T. Sonis, DMD, DMSc, is a professor of oral medicine at the Harvard School of Dental Medicine and a senior surgeon at Brigham and Women’s Hospital and the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute. He has had a longstanding interest in research, teaching, and management of oral complications that arise from cancer treatment.  Did you know that
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Migraine patients show significantly higher concentrations of sodium in their cerebrospinal fluid compared to people without the condition, according to new study findings recently presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). The study is the first to use a technique called sodium MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) to evaluate migraine
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A new study finds that giving employees more authority and asking their opinion may actually be counterproductive for a noncreative job task. University of Exeter researchers discovered managerial attempts to empower staff by delegating different work to them or asking for their opinions can be detrimental for employee productivity. Giving employees more authority can have
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Scientists are using their increasing knowledge of the complex interaction between cancer and the immune system to engineer increasingly potent anti-cancer vaccines. Now researchers at the National Institute of Biomedical Imaging and Bioengineering (NIBIB) have developed a synergistic nanovaccine packing DNA and RNA sequences that modulate the immune response, along with anti-tumor antigens, into one
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