Month: December 2017

A new review examines the potential of genetic testing for creating personalized exercise regimens for physical training and for identifying the risk for physical injury associated with physical activity. While physical activity is generally recognized to improve fitness and reduce the risk of chronic disease, it also understood that the response to physical training varies
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Researchers examined the relationship between gait stability and physical activity in older adults performing treadmill exercises. Walking is a good physical activity, and previous studies have found that it provides improved gait stability in the elderly. As published in the European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, researchers recently used treadmill exercises to evaluate the
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A recent systematic review conducted by British researchers evaluated different measures of health-related quality of life for those living a life with HIV. While the introduction of combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) has significantly changed the prognosis of HIV from a terminal disease to a chronic condition, a life with HIV continues to result in a
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A new study has discovered that stimulating the frontal cortex can temporarily increase a person’s financial risk appetite. According to researchers from the National Research University Higher School of Economics in Russia, economists, biologists, and psychologists use an interdisciplinary approach to explain the nature of and reasons behind certain decisions and inclinations. Called neuroeconomics, it
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A new study shows that prescribing of opioid pain medications for non-elderly Americans on disability is “significantly” related to county-level economic factors, such as unemployment and income levels. According to the study, published in Medical Care, about half of Medicare beneficiaries under age 65 received an opioid prescription in 2014. Researcher Chao Zhou, Ph.D., and
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Fake social media accounts already have a reputation for swaying political discourse, but a new study shows that these automated accounts could be even more dangerous — they could be bad for your health. Social bots are automated accounts that use artificial intelligence to influence discussions and promote specific ideas or products. For the new study,
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Night leg cramps, also called nocturnal leg cramps, are painful, involuntary contractions or spasms of muscles in your legs, usually occurring when you’re in bed. Night leg cramps usually involve your calf muscles, although muscles in your feet or thighs might cramp as well. Forcefully stretching the contracted muscle relieves the pain. Dec. 20, 2017
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Rectal bleeding can refer to any blood that passes from your anus, although rectal bleeding is usually assumed to refer to bleeding from your lower colon or rectum. Your rectum makes up the last few inches of your large intestine. Rectal bleeding may show up as blood in your stool, on the toilet paper or
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Abnormal vaginal bleeding is any vaginal bleeding unrelated to normal menstruation. This type of bleeding may include spotting of small amounts of blood between periods — often seen on toilet tissue after wiping — or extremely heavy periods in which you soak a pad or tampon every one to two hours for two or more
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Researchers determine the effects of aspirin in preventing the development of recurrent colorectal tumors to solidify recommendations for their use. The presence of adenomas (benign tumors) in the colon prompts immediate attention since the majority of cancers develop from an adenoma. Patients who are most at risk of developing new adenomas are those with a
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A recent study determines the frequency at which Canadian supermarkets promote healthy and less healthy cereals for breakfast. More than one in nine Canadian children are currently classed as obese. Past research has demonstrated that obesity is linked to the consumption of unhealthy food and since supermarkets are where most food spending occurs, they influence
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Practitioners at an integrative medicine primary care center combining conventional and complementary therapies assessed their patients’ experiences. Integrative medicine is a prevention-oriented, holistic approach to healthcare which emphasizes the importance of lifestyle to maintain health. It combines conventional medical treatment with complementary therapies. Health centers focused on integrative medicine aim to promote self-care and to
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A new study has found that non-invasive brainwave mirroring technology significantly reduced symptoms of post-traumatic stress in military personnel. “Ongoing symptoms of post-traumatic stress, whether clinically diagnosed or not, are a pervasive problem in the military,” said the study’s principal investigator, Charles H. Tegeler, M.D., a professor of neurology at Wake Forest School of Medicine,
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(1930) British surgeon Roy Yorke Calne is born. In 1987, he performed the world’s first liver, heart, and lung transplant. (1930) Chinese pharmaceutical chemist Tu Youyou is born. She is known for discovering artemisinin and dihydroartemisinin, which are used to treat malaria. (1960) English computational biologist and academic Richard M. Durbin
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A new study shows that children with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) who underwent a digital treatment in the form of a video game were able to improve their attention skills. Currently, pharmaceutical drugs and behavioral therapy are the only evidence-based treatments available for ADHD, but these treatments may not be effective for all individuals and
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A new social dilemma experiment shows that punishment is not an effective way to get members of society to cooperate for the common good. The result has implications for understanding how cooperation has evolved to have a formative role in human societies, according to researchers. In theoretical studies, punishment is often seen as a way
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Researchers recently published the results of a study that examined the benefits of olive oil in lowering cardiovascular disease incidence. Cardiovascular disease is one of the leading causes of death in Canada with roughly one Canadian dying from heart disease or stroke every seven minutes.1 The Mediterranean diet, comprised of olive oil, nuts, vegetables, fruits,
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According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 12,000 women in the United States are diagnosed with cervical cancer each year. One of the most common treatments for cervical cancer is radiation. While radiation therapy destroys cancer cells, it also destroys nearby healthy cells. University of Missouri School of Medicine researchers studied in
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December 29, 2017, by NCI Staff Electron micrograph of Fusobacterium nucleatum. A new study suggests that this bacterium may help colorectal tumors grow and spread. Credit: MicrobiologyOpen, October 2014. doi: 10.1002/mbo3.204. CC BY 3.0. A bacterial species found in the human stomach and intestines may have important implications for treating colorectal cancer, according to new
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A study investigates menopausal experiences of women with bipolar disorder and whether mood disturbances are different in those with mood disorders. Menopause is a significant phase in a woman’s life, namely characterized by the end of the menstrual cycle. However, as a result of fluctuating hormone levels, there are several additional side effects that mark
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