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A review study compiled information on the role of the gastrointestinal and respiratory tract microbiomes in modulating the immune responses in asthma patients. The human body is home to a huge number of microbes, including bacteria, viruses, and fungi. It is estimated that over 100 trillion microorganisms colonize the human body, mainly the skin and
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1. Look for patterns “Notice the reasons behind the choices you’re making,” says Sarah-Jane Holt, performance nutritionist at Matt Roberts. “So many of us make food choices in reaction to an emotion – if we have had a bad day, feel stressed or unhappy we’ll go for a glass of wine, chocolate or a meal
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Researchers investigated whether the frequent consumption of juice and carbonated beverages results in tooth erosion among preschool children. Tooth damage in children can be caused by dental or tooth erosion. Tooth erosion is the loss of tooth structures, like enamel and dentine, through a chemical process that does not involve bacteria. The damage may range
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In a recent study, researchers developed a series of cell lines that may form the basis of a drug screen platform for breast cancer using organoids.   Applying breast cancer therapies that are appropriate for a specific tumour’s composition, behaviour, and the specific mechanisms which allow it to grow, spread, and survive remains a challenge.
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A recent study conducted in the UK and published in the British Journal of Nutrition investigates whether there is a link between consuming alcohol and obesity. The global increase in obesity is of great concern, mainly due to the many chronic health problems associated with this condition, such as cancer, heart disease, and diabetes. Alcohol
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New research suggests an important part of treatment for young mental health patients — especially those in a hospital setting — is improving how they perceive themselves, according to a study from the University of Waterloo. Researchers found that youth with psychiatric disorders receiving inpatient services reported lower self-concept — particularly global self-worth — compared to those receiving
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Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) has a cure rate of about 75% with standard chemotherapy. Its nearly universal genetic alterations, furthermore, likely contribute to its unique sensitivity to PD-1 blockade. Most non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL) do not, however, have the same genetic alterations as cHL, and are consequently much less susceptible to PD-1 blockade. A newly published
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Despite widespread concern among parents and educators, using social media may not adversely impact teens’ academic performance, according to a new study in Educational Psychology Review. “Concerns regarding the allegedly disastrous consequences of social networking sites on school performance are unfounded,” said Professor Markus Appel, a psychologist who holds the Chair of Media Communication at Julius-Maximilians-Universität
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It’s said that, “When you hit rock bottom, there’s nowhere to go but up.” That can prove especially true in business, where bottoming out after job loss can be necessary before finding the radical solution that will lead to a new work identity, according to new research from the University of Notre Dame. “When you
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50% of patients do not take their medicines as prescribed. What can we do about it? Jennifer K. Bussell, MD, FACP, is an expert who speaks nationally to the Institute for Healthcare Improvement on improving medication adherence and is involved in developing the medication adherence module for the AMA’s STEPS Forward Program. Q:
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Alcohol use disorders are the most important preventable risk factors for the onset of all types of dementia, especially early-onset dementia. This according to a nationwide observational study, published in The Lancet Public Health journal, of over one million adults diagnosed with dementia in France. This study looked specifically at the effect of alcohol use
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Levels of a protein found in the brain called alpha-synuclein (α-syn) are significantly lower than normal in cerebrospinal fluid collected in Parkinson’s disease patients suffering from postural instability and gait difficulty, a study led by movement disorders experts at Rush University Medical Center has found. The results recently were published online in the journal Movement
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Tohoku University researchers have improved on currently available methods for screening drugs for heart-related side effects. The method involves fabricating a tiny hole in a silicon chip over which lipid membranes, similar to those that surround cells, are encouraged to grow. An ion channel is then synthesized separately and knocked into the membrane during centrifugation.
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Almost all cells in the human body have identical DNA sequences, yet there are 200-plus cell types with different sizes, shapes, and chemical compositions. Determining what parts of the genome are read to make protein and which are silenced is orchestrated by proteins called transcription factors. These regulate the availability of distinct stretches of DNA
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February 20, 2018 Researchers randomly assigned 143 patients to receive cetuximab plus mFOLFOXIRI followed by cetuximab or bevacizumab maintenance. Modified fluorouracil, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan (mFOLFOXIRI) with cetuximab does not improve progression-free rates (PFR), but may lead to improved surgical resection rates, among some patients with metastatic
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