Children

Neuroscientists from Trinity College Dublin and the University of Rochester have identified a specific brain signal associated with the conversion of speech into understanding. The signal is present when the listener has understood what they have heard, but it is absent when they either did not understand, or weren’t paying attention. The uniqueness of the
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Research conducted at Children’s National Health System published recently in PLOS Medicine demonstrates the first signs of success in treating high-risk neuroblastoma recurrent tumors through a new approach in mouse models. The study, led by Anthony Sandler, M.D., senior vice president and surgeon-in-chief of the Joseph E. Robert, Jr., Center for Surgical Care at Children’s National,
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The brain mechanisms of basic emotions such as anger and happiness are fairly similar across people. Differences are greater in social emotions, such as gratitude and contempt. In the field of affective neuroscience, rivalling theories debate whether emotional states can be regarded as an activity of only certain brain regions. According to a new doctoral
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WASHINGTON – Chemical-based fluorescent calcium dyes used to study calcium dynamics cause cell damage upon loading over an extended period of time. These dyes are a common method for neuroscientists to study calcium dynamics in many cell types throughout the central nervous system. The findings appeared in Science Signaling on January 30, and are the
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WASHINGTON – Al Jalila Children’s Specialty Hospital, the only pediatric hospital in the United Arab Emirates, has entered into an agreement with Children’s National Health System to form a health IT strategic partnership. This agreement is the first international extension of The Bear Institute for Health Innovation, a Children’s National collaboration with Cerner Corporation. The
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A new study of the genetic factors involved in the causation of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) draws fresh attention to the impact these illnesses have on motor skills, and more broadly on cognitive function. “Diminished motor skills appear to be an almost universal property of children with autism,” says Professor Michael Wigler, one of three
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A previously unknown language has been found in the Malay Peninsula by linguists from Lund University in Sweden. The language has been given the name Jedek. “Documentation of endangered minority languages such as Jedek is important, as it provides new insights into human cognition and culture,” says Joanne Yager, doctoral student at Lund University. “Jedek
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Tickling the brain with low-intensity electrical stimulation in a specific area can improve verbal short-term memory. Mayo Clinic researchers report their findings in Brain. The researchers found word recall was enhanced with stimulation of the brain’s lateral temporal cortex, the regions on the sides of the head by the temples and ears. Patients recalled more
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Children in need of an organ transplant often wait longer than adults for available organs, as in many cases, they require organ donations from another child of a similar age or size. But organ donation among kids and teens is an understandably difficult topic to broach with parents. And parent misconceptions about child organ donation
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Associations such as the National Association for Gifted Children (NAGC) and the European Council for High Ability (ECHA) have argued that the specific needs of gifted children are often neglected, resulting in a shriveling of their abilities and potential. Consequently, they call for the implementation of programs that specifically aim to promote gifted children. Together
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WASHINGTON – Despite the U.S. Congress providing incentives to drug manufacturers to encourage the study of medications in children, few approved drugs include safe dosing information for obese kids. A study conducted at Children’s National Health System in conjunction with the Food and Drug Administration’s (FDA) Center for Drug Evaluation and Research surveyed pediatric medical and clinical
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A new study led by researchers at Indiana University and Rutgers University provides the strongest evidence yet that nearly imperceptible changes in how people move can be used to diagnose neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism. The study’s results, reported Jan. 12 in the Nature journal Scientific Reports, suggest a more accurate method to diagnose autism. Current
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WASHINGTON – (Jan. 16, 2017) – The National Institutes of Health (NIH) awarded researchers at Children’s National Health System $2.6 million to expand their studies into whether human stem cells could someday treat and even reverse neurological damage in infants born with congenital heart disease (CHD). Researchers estimate that 1.3 million infants are born each
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WASHINGTON–Tumors have come up with ingenious strategies that enable them to evade detection and destruction by the immune system. So, a research team that includes Children’s National Health System clinician-researchers has validated a way to outfox the tumors. They engineered T-cells, essential players in the body’s own immune system, to strip tumors of their self-preservation
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WASHINGTON & SAN DIEGO — Children’s National Health System and Retrophin, Inc. (NASDAQ: RTRX) are pleased to announce the creation of the Retrophin Rare Disease Network at Children’s National. Retrophin, a biopharmaceutical company specializing in identifying, developing and delivering life-changing therapies to people living with rare diseases, has committed $3 million over the next six
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WASHINGTON – In pregnancies complicated by fetal congenital heart disease (CHD), global placental perfusion was significantly decreased and regional variation of placental perfusion significantly increased as pregnancies progressed, findings that point to non-invasive imaging providing an early warning of placental dysfunction. A Children’s National Health System research team is thought to be the first to
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WASHINGTON – Children’s National Health System’s 54-bed, level IV tertiary care neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) attends to the complex care needs of more than 900 fragile newborns who are admitted per year. NICU Nurse Manager Maureen Maurano, B.S.N., R.N., “is a visionary nurse leader who plans, develops, implements and sustains change” as the NICU’s
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