Health, Fitness & Food

I keep reading that exercise and diet can prevent Alzheimer’s disease, but the different results are confusing. What does the research really mean? Answers from Jonathan Graff-Radford, M.D. There are a number of articles that appear quite convincing that certain lifestyle behaviors prevent Alzheimer’s disease. Yet, even with these mounting reports, the scientific evidence remains
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There’s no evidence that tattoo removal creams work. At best, tattoo removal cream might fade or lighten a tattoo. The tattoo will remain visible, however, and skin irritation and other reactions are possible. Remember, tattoos are meant to be permanent. Because the ink is placed beneath the top layer of the skin, complete removal of
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Rheumatoid arthritis and depression commonly occur together. Although this is known, people with rheumatoid arthritis often aren’t screened for depression, so it may not be diagnosed or treated. Studies show that if depression occurring with rheumatoid arthritis isn’t addressed, the treatment for rheumatoid arthritis itself can be less effective. It’s unclear whether depression and anxiety
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No, fibrocystic breast changes don’t increase your risk of breast cancer. Fibrocystic breast changes are common. Women with this noncancerous (benign) condition often have lumpy, nodular breasts and experience breast pain that varies throughout the menstrual cycle. Doctors don’t know exactly what causes fibrocystic breast changes, but the condition is likely due to hormone changes
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A recent scientific study examined the health benefits of green coffee bean extract and its potential use in the treatment of metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome, also known as Syndrome X or insulin resistance syndrome, is a cluster of risk factors that increase the chance of developing heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. More than 40% of
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Running is a wonderful activity – it keeps you fit, gets you outside and helps you meet people and discover new places. Running is also, however, not very much fun at all the first time you do it. Within minutes you’re out of breath and muscles you didn’t know existed are starting to hurt, and
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Coffee is a large source of economic and cultural importance. Apart from being a well-characterized stimulant, coffee has many biological ingredients that play other roles. Researchers in Brazil wanted to investigate whether by-products of coffee seed production have similar biological ingredients such as antioxidants. Coffee has had massive economic and cultural importance worldwide. A lot
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Sleep aids: Understand over-the-counter options Trouble sleeping? Over-the-counter sleep aids might help temporarily — but lifestyle changes are usually the best approach for chronic insomnia. By Mayo Clinic Staff You’ve followed the usual tips for getting enough sleep — sleeping on a regular schedule, avoiding caffeine and daytime naps, exercising regularly, avoiding lighted screens before
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How safe is natalizumab for long-term multiple sclerosis (MS) treatment? Answers from Dean M. Wingerchuk, M.D. Natalizumab (Tysabri) is a drug treatment for people with relapsing forms of MS. It’s approved as a monotherapy, which means it’s not to be taken in combination with any other disease-modifying drug. Studies show that natalizumab is associated with
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A recent study examined if the expression of genes involved in the adaptation to exercise training was affected by the consumption of high fructose corn syrup and sucrose. Exercise training is known to reduce the risk of developing chronic disease and increase your lifespan. Importantly, physical activity is a better predictor of mortality than established
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Is it safe to have an X-ray during pregnancy? Answers from Yvonne Butler Tobah, M.D. The possibility of an X-ray during pregnancy causing harm to your unborn child is very small. Generally, the benefits of the diagnostic information from an X-ray outweigh the potential risk to a baby. However, if you received a large number
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A Botox party — a social gathering at which Botox injections are given, often in a person’s home — might seem like a comfortable way to get Botox treatments, sometimes at reduced rates. However, a Botox party might not have measures in place to ensure safe and effective treatments. Botox Cosmetic, a form of botulinum
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Is breakthrough bleeding more common with extended-cycle birth control pills, such as Seasonale and others? Answers from Shannon K. Laughlin-Tommaso, M.D. Spotting or bleeding between periods (breakthrough bleeding) can occur with any birth control pill, especially during the first few months of use. However, breakthrough bleeding is more likely with continuous and extended-cycle regimens —
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Researchers investigated whether artificial sweeteners are linked to an unhealthy lifestyle in those who are morbidly obese. With the prevalence rates of overweight and obesity in adults worldwide escalating over the last 30 years, the obesity epidemic has become one of the world’s largest public health concerns. Those who are defined as overweight or obese
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