Mental Health

New research finds that a romantic relationship helps buffer lesbian and gay youth from the negative effects of bullying and victimization. Furthermore, being involved in a relationship helps to significantly reduce psychological distress among gays and lesbians. Conversely, relationship involvement among bisexual youth increased psychological distress. The Northwestern Medicine study, conducted in collaboration with the
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A new theory on how personality develops suggests personality reflects how we have used our innate abilities and environmental experiences to satisfy our basic needs. In an article in Psychological Review, Dr. Carol Dweck, a Lewis and Virginia Eaton Professor of Psychology at Stanford University, explains how personalities develop and how life experiences influence personality
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Exercise, particularly running, while under stress may help protect memory, according to a new mouse study conducted by researchers at Brigham Young University (BYU). The findings, published in the journal of Neurobiology of Learning and Memory, suggest that running mitigates the negative impact that chronic stress has on the hippocampus, the region of the brain
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A Canadian study suggests that watching too much television can contribute to poor eating habits in adolescence and suboptimal school performance. While the concept is not new, the study suggests that screen time must be controlled by the early age of two, confirming new recommendations by the American Academy of Pediatrics. Researchers at Université de
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New research highlights methods to maintain love in our intimate relationships and also identifies predictors or risk factors for failed relationships. The topic is timely for Valentine’s Day, a time many use to share our love to special individuals. The study is the first to find evidence of psychological responses that help a person avoid
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Exercise has numerous, well-documented health benefits — and may also play a role in preventing and reducing substance misuse and abuse in adolescents. Investigators from Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine and Cleveland Clinic found support for exercise, particularly assisted exercise, in the prevention and adjunctive treatment of substance-use disorders, including alcohol, marijuana, cocaine, opioids, and
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A new Israeli study published in The European Journal of Internal Medicine shows that medical cannabis therapy significantly reduces chronic pain in patients age 65 and older without any major adverse effects. Researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (BGU) and the Cannabis Clinical Research Institute at Soroka University Medical Center discovered that cannabis therapy
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A recently published study has examined the effects of psychological well-being on lipid profiles including HDL cholesterol levels. For many years the link between psychological well-being and lipid profiles has been studied. Initially, it was found that there was a negative correlation between cholesterol and moods. This means that as cholesterol levels increased, mood decreased.
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A new initiative led by Intermountain Healthcare allows family members of hospitalized patients to participate in their care, resulting in better healing and reduced readmission rates. Researchers explain that Intermountain’s Partners in Healing program provides opportunities for family members to help with basic care for their loved ones while they are in the hospital. The
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A study led by Indiana University on neurochemical changes associated with alcohol addiction found that the neurotransmitter glutamate plays a role in some alcohol cravings. Alcohol dependence and alcohol use disorders occur in about 30 percent of all Americans, taking a severe toll on people’s lives, as well as on the health care system and
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A new study from the U.K. is one of the first to review evidence on how a companion animal or pet can help a person manage their mental health. The study, led by Dr. Helen Brooks from the University of Liverpool’s Institute of Psychology, Health and Society, aimed to explore the extent, nature and quality
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A new French study may shed more light on why autism spectrum disorder (ASD) affects males around four times more than females. The researchers found that exposure to androgens (male hormones) during early fetal brain development alters certain genes linked to autism. The findings, published in the journal Biological Psychiatry, may point to a predisposition
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A new study provides evidence that a feeling of freedom and a sense of responsibility are directly related to one another. Scientists from the National Research University Higher School of Economics and Omsk State University in Russia, and the University of Missouri in the United States, shows that the road to responsibility involves giving a
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While most physical disorders, such as cancer or diabetes, have well-defined indicators seen in tissues, organs, and bodily fluids, mental disorders are often more difficult to diagnose as they are typically identified by thought patterns and behaviors rather than biological pathology. In a new study, however, researchers have found that autism, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder
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A new approach to reduce the symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among veterans is the use of prescribed therapeutic horseback riding (THR) as a complimentary therapy. In a new study, University of Missouri (MU) researchers determined that veterans had a significant decrease in PTSD scores just weeks after THR. Overall results show that therapeutic
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In a new UK study, researchers set out to determine whether school-based, anti-obesity interventions could be successful in helping children achieve a healthy weight. The findings show, however, that the healthy-lifestyle program they reviewed had made little difference in the students’ weight status, suggesting that schools can’t fight obesity alone. “Whilst school is an important
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Emerging research may represent a potential breakthrough for adults with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Investigators compared common interventions and discovered one method resulted in significant neurocognitive improvement that enhanced employability. The findings are salient as prior research has skewed away from adult autism and instead has focused on early detection and childhood treatment. Investigators from
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Results from a new study suggest the late great Rodney Dangerfield, whose punchline and theme encapsulated “I get no respect,” may have benefited from this style of humor. Researchers have learned that individuals who frequently use self-defeating humor — aimed at gaining the approval of others through self-mockery — exhibit greater levels of psychological well-being.
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Most medical disorders have well-defined physical characteristics seen in tissues, organs and bodily fluids. Psychiatric disorders, in contrast, are not defined by such pathology, but rather by behavior. A UCLA-led study, appearing Feb. 9 in Science, has found that autism, schizophrenia and bipolar disorder share some physical characteristics at the molecular level, specifically, patterns of
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